Nicotine and e-cigs
Nicotine is a drug and a highly addictive one – some people say one of the most toxic and hardest to quit. So for those who wish to stop smoking tobacco, but lack the will power to quit nicotine, vaping fills the gap and offers a healthier alternative to tobacco products.
Nicotine is used as a poison and a relatively small amount can kill a horse! It is used for this purpose by veterinarians all over the planet due to its low manufacture cost and effectiveness.
When injected in its raw form nicotine speeds up the heart to such a rate that the pressure builds and it essentially explodes the heart and surrounding arteries, resulting in a very quick death.
Nicotine was first extracted from the Nicotiana tabacum plant way back in 1828. However it is thought to have been used as a stimulant for thousands of years. Some ancient civilizations produced carvings and art work depicting its use, the Mayan civilization being one of them.
Tobacco in Europe
It is widely known that Christopher Columbus sailed back from the Americas in 1492 with a precious cargo. One of which had never been seen in Europe before.
It did not take long for the powerful addictive qualities of the non-native weed to work its way through the classes of post medieval Europe. It wasn’t until the 1600’s that its true potential as a cash crop was harnessed.
By the 1700’s tobacco farms grew and high demand for tobacco required more man power; slaves were shipped from Africa to fill the labour gap. It wasn’t until around this time that tobacco was refined into the highly-addictive nicotine-laden device of control we know it to be today.
In the 1880’s there was a move from man-power to machines. This meant the speed at which cigarettes could be produced was drastically increased. Thus the cost of the end product significantly reduced. The reduced cost lead to higher demand, greater profits and more smokers.
Nicotine was first used in insecticide in 1793. It is a potent toxin that effects the nervous system. The insecticide had other effects though. Both human and animal life was effected as the potent drug was absorbed and diluted through the food chain. It has also been linked to the current plight of the honey bee population.